disorder-we-treat

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Treatment at Our Center

What To Expect

Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment (CBT)

Individuals will be engaged in an intensive outpatient program using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), which includes exposure and response prevention (ERP). Our clinic also offers weekly outpatient therapy for individuals with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). CBT and ERP are recommended for the treatment of OCD.

Demographics

  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is estimated to affect between 1.1 to 1.8% of the general population. Females are affected at a slightly higher rate in adulthood, although males are more commonly affected in childhood.
  • The DSM 5 indicates that the overall mean age is 19.5 years, with 25% having onset by age 14. Twenty-five percent of males have onset by age 10.
  • Certain biological and environmental factors may contribute to its development, including genetic disposition, physical or sexual abuse in childhood and other stressful or traumatic events.

What is Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?

OCD is characterized by the presence of obsessions and/or compulsions.

  • Fast heartbeat
  • Obsessions are recurrent and persistent thoughts, urges or images that are experienced as intrusive and unwanted.
  • Compulsions are repetitive behaviors or mental acts that an individual feels driven to perform in response to an obsession or according to rules that must be applied rigidly.

While the specific content of obsessions and compulsions varies among individuals, certain symptom dimensions are common in OCD, including those of cleaning (e.g. contamination obsessions and cleaning compulsions), symmetry (e.g. symmetry obsessions and repeating, ordering, and counting obsessions), forbidden or taboo thoughts (e.g. aggressive, sexual or religious obsessions and related compulsions), and harm (e.g. fears of harm to oneself or others and related checking compulsions.)

Diagnostic Criteria

DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria for 300.3 Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  • Presence of obsessions, compulsions, or both
  • The obsessions or compulsions are time-consuming (e.g., take more than 1 hour per day) or cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
  • The obsessive-compulsive symptoms are not attributable to the physiological effects of a substance (e.g., a drug of abuse, a medication) or another medical condition.
  • The disturbance is not better explained by the symptoms of another mental disorder.

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