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Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Body Dysmorphic Disorder is estimated to affect 1% of the general population. Unfortunately, it is often an underdiagnosed and mistreated disorder.

Treatment at Our Center.

What To Expect.

Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment (CBT)

Individuals will be engaged in an intensive outpatient program using cognitive behavioral therapy which includes exposure and response prevention. Researchers and practitioners agree that the use of CBT in treatment for Body Dysmorphic Disorder is recommended.

Demographics

  • The DSM 5 indicates that the typical age of onset of Body Dysmorphic Disorder is ages 12-13, with an average onset of 16-17
  • The causes of BDD are unclear, but certain biological and environmental factors may contribute to its development, including genetic predisposition, neurobiological factors such as malfunctioning of serotonin in the brain, personality traits, and life experiences.

What Is Body Dysmorphic Disorder?

BDD is a body-image disorder characterized by persistent and intrusive preoccupations with an imagined or slight defect in one's appearance.

People with BDD can dislike any part of their body, although they often find fault with their hair, skin, nose, chest, or stomach. In reality, a perceived defect may be only a slight imperfection or nonexistent. But for someone with BDD, the flaw is significant and prominent, often causing severe emotional distress and difficulties in daily functioning.

Diagnostic Criteria

Diagnostic criteria for 300.7 Body Dysmorphic Disorder
  • Preoccupation with an imagined defect in appearance. If a slight physical anomaly is present, the person's concern is markedly excessive.
  • The preoccupation causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
  • The preoccupation is not better accounted for by another mental disorder (e.g., dissatisfaction with body shape and size in Anorexia Nervosa).

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